Stevedores (un)loading a ship in the late 19th century. There may have been some steam driven winches but most of it was brute strength from man and beast using ropes and pulleys. More generally, the West Indies for Europeans of the fifteenth century were one with the American continent, so even in 1507 Amerigo Vespucci sensed that the Europeans had a new continent the term remained in use for many centuries.
Olivacea (yellow faced grassquit) great crested grebe a European grebe, Podiceps cristatus, having blackish ear tufts and, in the breeding season, a dark brown frill around the head great northern divera large northern bird, Gavia immer, with a black and white chequered back and a black head and neck in summer: family Gaviidae (divers) great tita large common Eurasian tit, Parus major, with yellow and black underparts and a black and white head grebeany aquatic bird, such as Podiceps cristatus (great crested grebe), of the order Podicipediformes, similar to the divers but with lobate rather than webbed toes and a vestigial tail greenfincha common European finch, Carduelis chloris, the male of which has a dull green plumage with yellow patches on the wings and tail green leekany of several Australian parrots with a green or mostly green plumage greenletgreenshanka large European sandpiper, Tringa nebularia, with greenish legs and a slightly upturned bill green woodpeckera European woodpecker, Picus viridis, with a dull green back and wings and a red crown grey crowned babbleran insect eating Australian bird, Pomatostomus temporalis of the family Timaliidae grey warbler or riroriro (New Zealand)a small bush bird that hatches the eggs of the shining cuckoo grosbeakany of various finches, such as Pinicola enucleator (pine grosbeak), that have a massive powerful bill grouseany gallinaceous bird of the family Tetraonidae, occurring mainly in the N hemisphere, having a stocky body and feathered legs and feet. Canad.) marsh harrierheronany of various wading birds of the genera Butorides, Ardea, etc, having a long neck, slim body, and a plumage that is commonly grey or white: family Ardeidae, order Ciconiiformes hill mynaan Asiatic myna bird (Gracula religiosa) with the ability to mimic human speech: often kept as a pet hoatzin or hoactzina unique South American gallinaceous bird, Opisthocomus hoazin, with a brownish plumage, a very small crested head, and clawed wing digits in the young: family Opisthocomidae homing pigeonany breed of pigeon developed for its homing instinct, used for carrying messages or for racing honey creeperany bird of the family Drepanididae of Hawaii honeyeaterany of a large family (Meliphagidae) of Australasian passerine birds with a long, brushlike tongue that can be protruded to catch insects or draw nectar from flowers honey guideany small bird of the family Indicatoridae, inhabiting tropical forests of Africa and Asia and feeding on beeswax, honey, and insects: order Piciformes (woodpeckers, etc) honeysuckerany bird, esp a honey eater, that feeds on nectar hooded crowa subspecies of the carrion crow, Corvus corone cornix, that has a grey body and black head, wings, and tail hoopoean Old World bird, Upupa epops, having a pinkish brown plumage with black and white wings and an erectile crest: family Upupidae, order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) hornbillany bird of the family Bucerotidae of tropical Africa and Asia, having a very large bill with a basal bony protuberance: order Coraciiformes (kingfishers, etc) house martina Eurasian swallow, Delichon urbica, with a slightly forked tail and a white and bluish black plumage house sparrowa small Eurasian weaverbird, Passer domesticus, now established in North America and Australia. It has a brown streaked plumage with grey underparts hummingbird or trochilusany very small American bird of the family Trochilidae, having a brilliant iridescent plumage, long slender bill, and wings specialized for very powerful vibrating flight: order Apodiformes ibisany of various wading birds of the family Threskiornithidae, such as Threskiornis aethiopica (sacred ibis), that occur in warm regions and have a long thin down curved bill: order Ciconiiformes (herons, storks, etc) jabiru a large white tropical American stork, Jabiru mycteria, with a dark naked head and a dark bill jacamarany bird of the tropical American family Galbulidae, having an iridescent plumage and feeding on insects: order Piciformes (woodpeckers, etc) jaana or lily trotterany bird of the family Jacanidae, of tropical and subtropical marshy regions, having long legs and very long toes that enable walking on floating plants: order Charadriiformes jackdawa large common Eurasian passerine bird, Corvus monedula, in which the plumage is black and dark grey: noted for its thieving habits: family Corvidae (crows) jacksnipea small Eurasian short billed snipe, Lymnocryptes minima Jacobina variety of fancy pigeon with a hood of feathers swept up over and around the head jaeger (US, Canadian)Java sparrowa small grey and pink finchlike Indonesian weaverbird, Padda oryzivora: a popular cage bird jayany of various passerine birds of the family Corvidae (crows), esp the Eurasian Garrulus glandarius, with a pinkish brown body, blue and black wings, and a black and white crest juncoany North American bunting of the genus Junco, having a greyish plumage with white outer tail feathers jungle fowlany small gallinaceous bird of the genus Gallus, of S and SE Asia, the males of which have an arched tail and a combed and wattled head: family Phasianidae (pheasants).